In-depth

 Alt text for imageThe Integrated Governance Programme, developed by UNDP Maldives together with national partners seeks to strengthen democratic governance, rule of law and human rights in the Maldives . Photo: UNDP Maldives 2013.

From the period of democratic reforms to the present day, the Maldivian political and economic system, institutions, and society at large have evolved in parallel with rapid changes in many areas of public life, and in the face of significant internal and external pressures. Uncertainty in the political sphere has been a defining feature since the country’s first-ever openly contested elections in 2008. Significant progress has nevertheless been made, with democratic institutions emerging within the framework of the new constitution, which established a multi-party system based on the separation of power. As in any society, these changes and pressures are accompanied by – and indeed are often the cause of –tensions which must be managed in order to maintain stability, safeguard rights, promote peaceful coexistence and allow development to proceed.

IGP PHASE I

Following the highly contested transfer of power in February 2012, UNDP reviewed and consolidated its existing governance projects for greater focus and maximum impact. As a result, the Integrated Governance Programme Phase I (IGP: August 2012- December 2015) was launched with the following three results to be achieved;

1)      National and local level institutional capacities strengthened for improved transparency, accountability and democratic processes,

2)      Equitable access to justice increased and rule of law strengthened through support to the justice and security sector and promotion of human rights,

3)      Enabling environment created and strengthened for enhanced social cohesion through inclusive and participatory decision making  

 

RESULTS & SUCCESSES IGP PHASE I

·        The training capacity of the Elections Commission was enhanced through training of trainers for polling officials for the presidential election, based on the curriculum developed in early 2013. This led to enhanced competency of the polling officials in administering the election successfully. An extensive voter education programme with outreach to all atolls and islands increased awareness among voters. The voter turnout of 88% in the first round and 91% in the final round of Presidential election could be attributed to the effective voter education campaigns.

·        UNDP’s partnership with the Civil Service Commission led, for example, to the strengthening of the Civil Service Training Institute and the implementation of a management audit and performance management system.

·        The IGP also established strong relationships with CSOs, youth, and women, as well, as the media regulatory organizations. These include capacity development support to CSOs through small grants and trainings, support to media organizations, and support to gender and youth initiatives.

·        Initiatives focusing on social cohesion through community and youth dialogues focusing on mediation and dispute resolutions, and youth leadership programmes aimed at increasing youth civic engagement have gained considerable momentum and is ready to be scaled up.

·         UNDP’s partnership with the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) to support their legal reform roadmap and Strategic Plan. 

·        The training capacity of the Elections Commission was enhanced through training of trainers for polling officials for the presidential election, based on the curriculum developed in early 2013. This led to enhanced competency of the polling officials in administering the election successfully. An extensive voter education programme with outreach to all atolls and islands increased awareness among voters. The voter turnout of 88% in the first round and 91% in the final round of Presidential election could be attributed to the effective voter education campaigns.

·        UNDP’s partnership with the Civil Service Commission led, for example, to the strengthening of the Civil Service Training Institute and the implementation of a management audit and performance management system.

·        The IGP also established strong relationships with CSOs, youth, and women, as well, as the media regulatory organizations. These include capacity development support to CSOs through small grants and trainings, support to media organizations, and support to gender and youth initiatives.

·        Initiatives focusing on social cohesion through community and youth dialogues focusing on mediation and dispute resolutions, and youth leadership programmes aimed at increasing youth civic engagement have gained considerable momentum and is ready to be scaled up.

·         UNDP’s partnership with the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) to support their legal reform roadmap and Strategic Plan. 

·        The training capacity of the Elections Commission was enhanced through training of trainers for polling officials for the presidential election, based on the curriculum developed in early 2013. This led to enhanced competency of the polling officials in administering the election successfully. An extensive voter education programme with outreach to all atolls and islands increased awareness among voters. The voter turnout of 88% in the first round and 91% in the final round of Presidential election could be attributed to the effective voter education campaigns.

·        UNDP’s partnership with the Civil Service Commission led, for example, to the strengthening of the Civil Service Training Institute and the implementation of a management audit and performance management system.

·        The IGP also established strong relationships with CSOs, youth, and women, as well, as the media regulatory organizations. These include capacity development support to CSOs through small grants and trainings, support to media organizations, and support to gender and youth initiatives.

·        Initiatives focusing on social cohesion through community and youth dialogues focusing on mediation and dispute resolutions, and youth leadership programmes aimed at increasing youth civic engagement have gained considerable momentum and is ready to be scaled up.

·         UNDP’s partnership with the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) to support their legal reform roadmap and Strategic Plan. 

·        The training capacity of the Elections Commission was enhanced through training of trainers for polling officials for the presidential election, based on the curriculum developed in early 2013. This led to enhanced competency of the polling officials in administering the election successfully. An extensive voter education programme with outreach to all atolls and islands increased awareness among voters. The voter turnout of 88% in the first round and 91% in the final round of Presidential election could be attributed to the effective voter education campaigns.

·        UNDP’s partnership with the Civil Service Commission led, for example, to the strengthening of the Civil Service Training Institute and the implementation of a management audit and performance management system.

·        The IGP also established strong relationships with CSOs, youth, and women, as well, as the media regulatory organizations. These include capacity development support to CSOs through small grants and trainings, support to media organizations, and support to gender and youth initiatives.

·        Initiatives focusing on social cohesion through community and youth dialogues focusing on mediation and dispute resolutions, and youth leadership programmes aimed at increasing youth civic engagement have gained considerable momentum and is ready to be scaled up.

·         UNDP’s partnership with the Attorney General’s Office (AGO) to support their legal reform roadmap and Strategic Plan. 

IGP PHASE II

Following the successful completion of IGP Phase I, the second phase of the programme was launched for the period 2016-2020. IGP Phase II aims to contribute to a Maldives that is effectively governed with wide participation of its citizens, who enjoy equal opportunities to realize their aspirations. The underlying theory of change is that creating an enabling environment for citizens’ engagement in the Maldives, especially of young people and women, while simultaneously increasing their confidence in an independent, transparent and accessible legal system, which will lead to reduced societal tensions, improved citizen security and more human dignity for sustainable human development. 

The activities under IGP Phase II will seek to achieve the following inter-linked two programme results in the immediate, medium and long term:

1.       Increased voice and citizen participation for strengthened governance systems

2.       Enhanced access to justice and protection of human rights