TAP: Increasing Climate Change Resilience of Maldives through Adaptation in the Tourism Sector


 Climate change undermines the resilience, viability and profitability of tourism and other sectors in the Maldives. Photo: Masrah Naseem/UNDP Maldives 2012.

Tourism is the dominant sector of the Maldivian economy, and its operations are intimately connected to a diverse range of value chains which provide goods and services related to agriculture, fisheries, manufacturing, construction, energy, water and waste management. Climate change undermines the resilience, viability and profitability of these value chains both directly and indirectly.

With support from the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), the TAP project will establish at least 10 new public/private investment partnerships between the Government of Maldives and tourism resorts to showcase the economic and environmental benefits of no-regrets adaptation in tourism operations.

In addition, 10 community-based adaptation projects in tourism-associated communities will demonstrate how tourism operators and tourism-dependent communities can cooperate on joint initiatives to reduce common vulnerabilities.

Our Work

  Many locals are dependent on the tourism sector for employment. Photo: Masrah Naseem/UNDP Maldives 2012.


  • In 2012, the project initiated several assessments relating to climate change adaptation in the tourism sector of Maldives. One of these reports identifies the “Adaptation Capacity and Climate Change Vulnerability Impacts in the Tourism Sector” of the Maldives. To formulate this report, a survey was conducted among tourism operators and depended communities. The results of this survey highlight the main vulnerable areas such as flooding and erosion, and adaptation capacities of the tourism operators and dependent communities to address these vulnerabilities.
  • The project has produced as assessment report on freshwater and waste water management in the tourism industry of Maldives. This report provides guidelines on how to climate proof water resources as an adaptation strategy. Similarly, an assessment has been done on the waste management practices in the tourism sector of Maldives to identify the climate change vulnerabilities of waste management in the sector.
  • The project supported the development of the environment section of the 4th Tourism Master Plan.
  • Currently underway are consultancies to produce reports on economic valuation of climate risks in the tourism industry of Maldives and its depended communities, development of addendum to national building code in reference to infrastructure in resorts and revision of existing laws and regulations to incentivise private sector investment in climate change adaptation.
  • The project held a stakeholder workshop to disseminate the findings of these reports and discuss possible partnerships for climate change adaptation demonstration projects based on the findings of the assessment reports.


YEARS 2011 - 2014
Total US$ 3,300,876
Global Environment Facility (GEF) / Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) US$ 1,650,438                        
Government of Maldives (in-kind) US$ 1,630,438
UNDP US$ 20,000


YEAR 2012
DONOR                       AMOUNT
LDCF US$  55,573.44
UNDP US$  5,690.75
YEAR 2013
COMBINED US$ 221,000.00 (64.06%)